Neurofeedback (also called EEG-biofeedback) is a direct training of brain
function by which the brain learns to function more efficiently. Sophisticated
electronic devices monitor and feedback information to the client about minute
changes in EEG patterns and relationships. This is a training approach and not a
therapeutic intervention. Nothing is done to the client, there is no electrical input
into the client and the neurofeedback device is simply measuring the scalp
surface electrical activity in a way that is similar to a doctor listening to a
heartbeat from the skin surface using a stethoscope.
The client interacts with himself through the medium of the feedback. Any
changes in physiological activity are recorded and reflected back to the
individual through the use of computer displays and audio tones that change
from moment to moment. Using this information, the client can experiment with
various techniques of self-awareness, insight, mental practice and relaxation while
observing instantaneous responses from the computerized feedback.
This process of feeding back information and rewarding the brain for changing to
more appropriate patterns facilitates the training experience, making it much
more accurate and consistent and also reduces the time necessary for learning to
Neurofeedback is training in self-regulation. Self-regulation is a necessary part of
good brain function. Self-regulation training allows the central nervous system to
Neurofeedback addresses problems of brain dysregulation. These happen to be
numerous. They include the anxiety-depression spectrum, attention deficits,
behaviour disorders, various sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, PMS and
emotional disturbances, depression and fatigue. It is also useful for organic brain
conditions such as seizures, PTSD, TBI, the autism spectrum, and cerebral palsy.